Komondor is an old Hungarian breed of Asian origin. The name “Komondor” was first used in 1544. The breed probably came to Carpathian basin with migrating Hungarians, who lived as nomad herdsmen. The dogs were significant for their white fur and characteristic hair structure (dreadlocks). Because of the colour, dogs couldn´t be mistaken for wolves in the night and the “dreadlocks” protected them from rain, wind and sun. The fur kept them warm in winter and cooled them down in summer. If the predators attacked, it served as a barrier between their skin and the predator´s teeth. In the year 1924, first Komondor owner club was established and the breed was recognised by FCI in 1954.
Nature and use
The Komondor's temperament is like that of most livestock guarding dogs it is calm and steady when things are normal. In cases of trouble, the dog will fearlessly defend its charges. It was bred to think and act independently and make decisions on his own. It is affectionate with its family and gentle with the children and friends of the family. Although wary of strangers, can accept them when it is clear that no harm is meant but is instinctively very protective of its family, home and possessions. The dog is vigilant, will rest in the daytime, keeping an eye on the surroundings, but at night is constantly moving, patroling the place, moving up and down around the whole area. The dogs usually knocks down the intruders and keeps them down until the owner arrives.
Appearance and care
The Komondor's coat is a long, thick, strikingly corded white coat, about 20 – 27 cm long, (the heaviest amount of fur in the canine world) resembles dreadlocks. The puppy coat is soft and fluffy. However, the coat is wavy and tends to curl as the puppy matures. A fully mature coat is formed naturally from the soft undercoat and the coarser outer coat combining to form tassels, or cords and will take around two years to form. Some help is needed in separating the cords so the dog does not turn into one large matted mess. The length of the cords increases with time as the coat grows. Shedding is very minimal with this breed, contrary to what one might think (once cords are fully formed). The only substantial shedding occurs as a puppy before the dreadlocks fully form. The Komondor is born with only a white coat, unlike the similar-looking Puli, which is usually white, black or sometimes grayish. However, a working Komondor's coat may be discolored by the elements, and may appear off-white if not washed regularly. Traditionally the coat protected the Komondor from wolves' bites, as the bites were not able to penetrate the thick coat.
Suited only for keeping outside. Even though the fur doesn´t have to be brushed, it needs periodic care in form of tearing the dreadlocks in smaller ones. Also the bathing (and mostly drying) is much harder and takes a lot more time. Very important is socialisation and consistent training.
Height: males at least 70 cm (2.3 feet), females at least 65 cm (2.1 feet)
Weight: males 50-60 kg (110-130 pounds), females 40-50 kg (90-110 pounds)